Thermoelectric conversion: 1
Stable and Practical Oxide Thermoelectric Conversion Materials
As a result of replacing the sodium ions in the layered cobalt oxide with barium ions of heavier atomic mass, only the thermal conductivity decreased while the electrical properties remained unchanged. We have found that the thermoelectric figure of merit ZT reaches 0.11 at room temperature.
Thermoelectric conversion has been attracting attention as a technology to recycle waste heat. Metal chalcogenides are known as thermoelectric materials, but they have thermal and chemical stability and toxicity issues. Layered cobalt oxides are stable at high temperatures and in air, but have the problems that thermal conductivity is high and conversion performance is low. The research group considered the strategy shown in Fig. 1 to reduce the thermal conductivity of layered cobalt oxide AxCoO2. Figure 2 summarizes the thermoelectric properties in the direction parallel to the layers of Ax-substituted AxCoO2 thin films measured at room temperature. The thermal conductivity shows a monotonically decreasing trend with increasing Ax atomic weight. The room temperature thermoelectric figure of merit of Ba1/3CoO2 is 0.11. The figure of merit ZT increases with increasing temperature. By further enhancing the thermoelectric conversion performance, it is expected to realize stable and practical thermoelectric conversion materials.